Different Types of Juicers and Their Pros and Cons

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When you are looking for a juicer, the number of options can make it be a bit overwhelming. If you are new to juicing, it can be hard to tell what kind of juicer will work best for your needs, and the options can be overwhelming.

This article focuses on the three main types of juicers: centrifugal, masticating and twin gear. We discuss how they work and what they are best for, and list their pros and cons so you can decide what kind of juicer is the best one for you.

Centrifugal Juicers

Centrifugal juicer with apples, grapes, oranges, kiwi

Centrifugal juicers have a circular blade that spins very fast; chopping and rotating sliced produce, juice, and pulp outward against a filter basket. The liquid juice passes through the filter, then downward into your glass, while the pulp and other solid material remains trapped in the filter basket.

Works best for

  • Juicing thick, hard fruits and vegetables like apples and carrots
  • Juicing soft, watery fruits like melons
  • Not great for juicing leafy greens


  • Large feeding chute allows bigger chunks of fruits and vegetables to be juiced 
  • Fast juicing
  • Easy to assemble and disassemble
  • Easy to clean
  • Compact size
  • Affordable cost


  • Can oxidize juice during operation, leading to faster degradation
  • Juice separates quickly
  • Juice has more foam
  • Yields less juice per volume of fruit or vegetables
  • Pulp can be wet
  • Loud noise during operation
  • Blade friction creates heat that can affect delicate nutrients in the juice

Ideal for

A centrifugal juicer is great for someone who is primarily juicing apples, carrots, and similar firm fruits, and wants to make and drink their juice fast. With little pre-chopping required, centrifugal juicers are a great way to get delicious daily juice in no time at all. These machines may be noisy, but they are also fast, affordable, and easy to clean.

Masticating Juicers

Masticating juicer making carrot juice

A masticating juicer slowly rotates an auger against fruit and vegetables, pressing them  down into a compression filter. It uses a slow, crushing force to extract juice, pushing liquid through a mesh strainer and feeding pulp into a separate container.

Works best for

  • Juicing hard, solid fruits and vegetables like beets and turnips
  • Juicing soft materials like leaves and grapes


  • Produces more juice volume from fruits and vegetables
  • High quality juice that is thick and has little foam
  • Juice can be saved for later consumption with slow separation
  • Juices without introducing heat that can damage enzymes and antioxidants
  • Often available with additional food processing functions like grinding or slicing
  • Low noise level
  • Pulp is drier


  • Slow to operate
  • Often more expensive
  • Small feed chute requires more pre-cutting of fruits and vegetables
  • larger, heavier appliances often have a large footprint on a kitchen counter

Ideal for 

Masticating juicers are ideal for juicing leafy greens, including kale and wheatgrass, along with tougher and more fibrous produce. They are slower to operate, but have an excellent juice yield and low heat and oxidation, so your juice stays fresh for longer.

With a smaller chute and slower operation, masticating juicers are great for people who want to invest the time to make high quality juice that can last for up to 72 hours. These appliances are bigger and more expensive, but quieter to operate. And many have features and attachments that allow them to make other healthy foods like nut butters or sorbets.

Tribest GSE-5000 Greenstar Elite Cold Press Complete Masticating Juicer, Juice Extractor with Jumbo Twin Gears, White

Twin Gear Juicers

Twin gear juicers (also called triturating juicers) have two gears that rotate against each other, crushing and grinding fruits and vegetables against each other. The produce is ground very finely, into small particles with most of the liquid extracted, and leaving a very dry pulp.

Works best for

  • Juicing tough roots
  • Juicing leafy greens


  • Extremely high juice yield per fruit volume
  • High quality juice that is thick and has little foam
  • Juice can be saved for later consumption with very little separation
  • Juices without introducing heat that can damage enzymes and antioxidants
  • Often available with additional food processing functions like grinding or slicing
  • Low noise level
  • Pulp is very dry


  • Slow to operate
  • Often expensive
  • Can be difficult to clean

Ideal for 

Twin gear juicers, with maximum extraction and without introducing oxygen or heat. They can effectively juice almost any kind of produce, from delicate greens to tough root vegetables.

Twin gear juicers are perfect for people who do a lot of juicing, and find that less powerful machines don't live up to their expectations. These machines can be expensive and difficult to clean, but they are whisper quiet and make excellent juice.

They often also come with other food processing attachments, to make them more versatile appliances.


So now that you know the features of three types of juicers, you can decide which one suits you best. 

For many people, a more affordable centrifugal juicer may be the right option, if they want high speed and don't mind the noise.

Masticating juicers are perfect for juicing greens such as kale, spinach and celery. I have the Omega NC900HDC Juicer Extractor that is very easy to set-up, use, disassemble and clean.

For most purposes, twin-gear juicers are the “best,” in the sense that they get the largest volume of juice from every ingredient; can handle soft fruits, tender leaves, and tough root vegetables; and produce extremely high quality cold-pressed juice. However, these machines are usually also slow in operation, expensive to buy, and difficult to clean, so they may not be the right choice for everyone.

The reason that the three main types of juicers remain popular and in high demand is that each type is ideal for different things, and for different people. Knowing what the different types of juicers are and how they work will help you make the best choice for your needs.

If you only want to juice citrus fruits then .... 

If your primary goal is to juice only citrus fruits, it is probably more cost effective to purchase a juicer designed specifically for them. Citrus juicers are designed to get the most juice from fruit and are easy to clean.

Many have different filters, so you can get your preferred amount of pulp. Citrus juicers are the fastest, simplest way to get lemon, lime, grapefruit, or orange juice.